For example, a funerary text identified as KTU 1.161, or RS 34.126 (designations that identify the tablet in question), plainly connects the Amorite tribe of Didanu (Ditanu/Tidnum/Tidanum) with the biblical Rephaim—in a ritual to summon them from the dead!
“Sacrifice of the Shades” liturgy: You are summoned, O Rephaim of the earth, You are invoked, O council of the Didanu! Ulkn, the Raphi’, is summoned, Trmn, the Raphi’, is summoned, Sdn-w-rdn is summoned, Ṯr ‘llmn is summoned, the Rephaim of old are summoned! You are summoned, O Rephaim of the earth, You are invoked, O council of the Didanu!1
Israel is at the southern edge of the Fertile Crescent, the region in the Middle East which curves, like a quarter-moon shape, from the Persian Gulf, through modern-day southern Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel and northern Egypt. It is also referred to as the cradle of civilization, since some of the earliest civilizations developed there. The geographical analysis begins at the northern tip of Israel is Mount Hermon. The snow-capped mountain is the northern terminus of the Syrian Rift, a tectonic fault-line that runs for 3,700 miles. Mount Hermon is mentioned in the Bible as the home of the Nephilim (Giants). The Nephilim were in the earth in those days, and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bore children to them; the same were the mighty men that were of old, the men of renown. Genesis 6:4 There is indeed some evidence for this. Siegel notes that a strange site in the Golan named Gilgal Refaim (wheel of the giants) remains a mystery to archaeologists. Siegel quotes the Book of Enoch, attributed to the great-grandfather of Biblical Noah, an apocryphal second-century BCE source discovered among the Dead Sea Scrolls. (READ MORE)
Driving past it, one of the most mysterious structures in the Middle East is easy to miss. The prehistoric stone monument went unnoticed for centuries in a bare expanse of field on the Golan Heights. After Israel captured the territory from Syria in a 1967 war, archaeologists studying an aerial survey spotted a pattern of stone circles not visible from the ground. Subsequent excavations revealed it was one of the oldest and largest structures in the region. Known as Rujm el-Hiri in Arabic, meaning the “stone heap of the wild cat,” the complex has five concentric circles, the largest more than 500 feet (152 m) wide, and a massive burial chamber in the middle. Its Hebrew name Gilgal Refaim, or “wheel of giants,” refers to an ancient race of giants mentioned in the Bible. (READ MORE)